Mudarse Afuera Del Estado: Lo Que Los Padres de Nueva Jersey Deben Saber

La ley de Nueva Jersey establece que cuando la Corte tiene jurisdicción sobre la custodia y el apoyo de los niños de padres divorciados, separados o que viven separados, los niños no pueden mudarse del estado sin el consentimiento de los niños (si son de edad adecuada) o sin el consentimiento de los dos padres. Si uno de los padres se opone a que los niños se muden de Nueva Jersey, cualquiera de los padres puede presentar una aplicación ante de la Corte para solicitar una orden que permita o prohíba la reubicación. El propósito de la ley es preservar los derechos de los padres que no tienen custodia, así como mantener y desarrollar la relación entre el padre que no tiene custodia y los niños. La Corte ha reconocido que la reubicación de niños del estado puede afectar gravemente los derechos de visita del padre que no tiene la custodia.

Las cortes siguen las normas establecidas en Baures v. Lewis y O’Connor v. O’Connor durante los últimos dieciséis años. Baures, supra, 167 N.J. 91 (2001); O’Connor, supra, 349 N.J. Super. 381 (App. Div. 2002). La decisión de Baures y O’Connor resultó en una prueba de dos puntas. La primera punta hico necesario que la Corte determinar el verdadero acuerdo de custodia física. Podría haber un cierto acuerdo de custodia compartida, o, alternativamente, podría haber un arreglo donde un padre se designa como el padre de residencia primaria (PPR) y el otro padre es designa como el padre de residencia alterna (PAR). La segunda punta requiere que la corte analice la disputa basada en el acuerdo de custodia. En los casos con custodia física compartida, la corte evaluaría lo que será mejor para el niño. En los casos en que existe un arreglo de PPR y PAR, la Corte determinará si el PPR hace la petición de buena fe y si la reubicación haría daño al interés del niño. Este estándar viene de la investigación de ciencias sociales antiguas que pretendía que el interés de un niño estaba atado al bienestar del PPR.

Las cortes adoptaron un nuevo estándar en agosto de 2017 cuando La Corte Suprema de Nueva Jersey decidió el caso de Bisbing v. Bisbing. 2017 N.J. Lexis 830. La Corte reconoció que la ciencia social detrás de la decisión de Baures ya no era universalmente cierta, y como tal, descubrió que independientemente del acuerdo de custodia, las cortes deben decidir las disputas de reubicación al decidir qué es lo mejor para el niño. Esto incluye pero no se limita a losconocimientos de los dos padres, así como los factores estatutarios bajo de N.J.S.A. 9:2-4, que son los siguientes:

* La capacidad de los padres para ponerse de acuerdo, comunicarse y cooperar en materia relacionada con el niño;

* La disposición de los padres a aceptar la custodia y cualquier historial de falta de voluntad para permitir el tiempo de crianza no se basa en el abuso justificado;

* La interacción y relación del niño con sus padres y hermanos;

* La historia de la violencia doméstica, si la hay;

* La seguridad del niño y la seguridad de cualquiera de los padres del abuso físico del otro padre;

* La preferencia del niño cuando tiene suficiente edad y capacidad para razonar a fin de formar una decisión inteligente;

* Las necesidades del niño;

* La estabilidad del ambiente de casa ofrecido;

* La calidad y la continuidad de la educación del niño;

* La aptitud de los padres; la proximidad geográfica de las casas de los padres;

* El alcance y la calidad del tiempo pasado con el niño antes o después de la separación;

* Las responsabilidades laborales de los padres; y

* La edad y el número de niños

Jersey Adventurer; Blog #1 

On October 7, 2017, my husband and I ventured into the woods of West Milford to find an abandoned military jet.  We had GPS coordinates (41.077076, -74.396896) and a bird’s eye view picture of the area courtesy of Google maps.  We parked at the end of a dead-end road and ventured into woods where woodland trails gave way to mud with the consistency of quicksand and tar.  About 500 feet in, we came upon the skeletal remains Lockheed T2V-1.  You might be wondering why there is an abandoned airplane in the middle of the woods in northern Passaic County. 

 

Circa 1962, this particular Lockheed T2V-1 took off from Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn for a training exercise. The aircraft experienced trouble over New Jersey.  The two occupants attempted the eject from the aircraft but the ejection mechanisms failed, thereby trapping the two occupants inside.  The men cash landed in the middle of the woods, but suffered only minor injuries.  The Navy later removed the aircraft’s engine.  The remainder of the aircraft still lays decaying in the elements more than 55 years later.   

 

Hikers and adventurers have stripped the aircraft of any and all removable parts, such as its instruments.  More than 5 decades of weather wear and tear has erased all of the paint and insignia from the fuselage.  The nose of the aircraft lays 50 feet south east of the main wreckage, apparently dragged there by overly-ambitious, unsuccessul thieves.  The rivets holding the body panels together showcase the craftsmanship that went into building this generations-old aircraft. 

I would recommend visiting this site to anyone who enjoys hiking, aviation, or military history.  The area around the plane is riddled with shoes that came right off of unlucky visitors due to the unforgiving mud, so I recommend double checking your laces before you stray off the main road. 

 

Credit: 

http://www.scoutingny.com/my-memorial-day-searching-for-a-crashed-jet-in-the-nj-woods/ 

 

3 year marriage could warrant open durational (long term) alimony!

In Friel v. Braun-Friel, a recent unpublished decision of the Appellate Division (March 2, 2018), the Appellate Court remanded the matter back to the trial court for a review of the prior decision.

The parties in this case were separated after less than 3 years of marriage. The primary issue was alimony because the Defendant became disabled just after the parties’ marriage and was unable to return to work, rendering her medically and financially dependent upon Plaintiff.

The alimony statute (NJSA 2A:34-23) states that absent exceptional circumstances, an alimony term should not exceed the length of the marriage.

Here, the trial court found that there were exceptional circumstances but ordered only 2 years of alimony at $130/week. The appellate division determined that despite finding exceptional circumstances, the trial court failed to explain why it limited alimony to only 2 years. The appellate division also determined that the trial court should not have considered Defendant’s receipt of SSDI benefits when she had not been approved for same at the time of trial.

This appellate decision reiterates the need for trial courts to give comprehensive and thoughtful decisions supporting their rulings.

Have you had a case where the contested ruling was not supported by a detailed and thoughtful decision? There’s a limited time for reconsideration or appeal of an Order or Judgment. Contact Argentino Family Law & Child Advocacy, LLC now to set up a case assessment to consult with our attorneys about the possible remedies you may have.

Why Should I Ask the Court to Seal the Record for My Child’s Name Change?

As a general rule, records of a child’s name change are open to the public. New Jersey law generally requires that the proposed name changes of both adults and children be published in order to provide public notice to creditors and other interested parties. However, there are situations in which a court may seal its records of a child’s name change, as well as eliminate the publication requirement for a name change case. Normally, notice of the name change must be published twice in a newspaper of general circulation, once prior to the name change hearing and once after the name change hearing.

At least one New Jersey case, The Application of E.F.G. to Assume a New Name, 398 N.J. Super. 539 (App.  Div. 2008), provides that public notice of a name change through publication may not be a requirement in some circumstances, such as when the person seeking to change his or her name has been a victim of domestic violence. If a victim’s right to protect himself or herself and his or her identity is a sufficiently compelling interest, the court also can order that the court records relating to the name change be sealed, which means that they are not available for public viewing. New Jersey Rule of Court 1:2-1. This precaution prevents the abusive person from discovering the current address and new name of the victim. If you are seeking to seal name change records for your child, you must demonstrate a well-founded concern for your child’s safety if his or her name change records were to be made public. Therefore, if a child has suffered past abuse or violence at the hands of a parent, relative, or other adult, it may be in the child’s best interests for the court records to be sealed.

The New Jersey family law attorneys at Argentino Family Law & Child Advocacy, LLC, are eager to answer your questions and help you understand the procedures for changing your child’s name, as well as sealing the court record. As your attorneys, we will focus on how best to represent your interests and achieve your desired goals. We have handled countless name change, parentage, divorce, and other family law proceedings over the years, and we will work with you to create the best strategy possible in your case. Call our offices today at (973) 868-0958 and learn how we can help you with your New Jersey family law case.

How is Child Support Calculated in New Jersey?

When a couple divorces or otherwise separates, it is common for a child to live with one parent most of the time and spend certain specified time periods with the other parent. In this scenario, the primary custodial parent may be entitled to financial support for the child from the other parent. If you find yourself on either side of this situation, you should be aware of the rules for calculating child support under New Jersey law.

Both parents have a duty to financially support their child; if the parents are married and living together, they presumably would combine their incomes and resources in order to support their child. In accordance with this concept, New Jersey law uses an income shares model , or the combined net incomes of the parents, in determining what amount of child support is appropriate in a particular case. The court first will determine each parent’s gross income, which generally includes income from most sources, including wages, salary, tips, unemployment benefits, disability benefits, workers’ compensation benefits, and even gambling winnings. The court then deducts certain necessary expenses from each parent’s gross income, such as taxes, alimony, and other child support payments, in order to arrive at each parent’s net income. The court then uses the appropriate schedule of child support awards and child support guidelines worksheet in order to determine a parent’s child support obligation. Ultimately, every child support award takes into account the average amounts that a parent spends on a child’s basic financial needs, the number of children in the family, each parent’s net income, and the amount of parenting time that the noncustodial parent spends with the child.

In addition to a parent’s base child support obligation, there are other child-related expenses that a court must consider in arriving at a final child support award. These expenses include things like work-related child care costs, health insurance premiums, and the costs of transportation for the purposes of parenting time. If a court determines that a certain expense is necessary, then the parties can include that expense in the child support calculation before a final amount of support is determined.

Calculating child support is not always as easy as it might initially seem, particularly in families with complex earnings or other unique situations. Whether your case involves the calculation of child support or another family law-related matter, our New Jersey family law attorneys can guide you through every step of the proceedings necessary to resolving your legal matter. Our role is to be here to answer all of your questions, calm your concerns, present your potential options, and help you to make any necessary decisions. At Argentino Family Law & Advocacy, LLC, we have represented the interests of countless families and children in all types of family law proceedings. Contact our office today at (973) 868-0958 or by e-mail at info@argentinolaw.com and set up a time to talk with us about your case.